Hello, everyone. Nice to talk with you again. So as the title of the post says, I am going to guide you through various suggestions regarding How to, What to study in Science and Technology; what to do during examination and also some part regarding the paper presentation; of which almost all had been given to me by various teachers. Well, as we all know, unlike Science II, Science I consists less of theoretical learning and more of conceptual and technical understanding. The other way round, Science 2 also certainly needs understanding of the processes but its study requires extensive memorizing. So, when studying Science, it is more important to keep ourselves fresh and active so that we understand the concept in far a better way. Scroll down for some awesome tips.
NOTE: In the tips given below, all the matter can be divided into two groups. All that is given in italic (slant) font is specially for the students who aspire to score 39 or 40 and want no mark to be deducted by the moderators. Other matter in normal font is for everyone.
- Study every chapter concept-wise. Study each concept of each chapter in-depth such that you won’t find it difficult to answer any question. Don’t move on the next concept/chapter unless you have made the previous one PERFECT. In short, in-depth analysis of each and every topic should be done. If any problem arises while studying, consult a teacher/mentor.
- Try studying the matter according to textbook. As much as possible, do not learn answers from guides; at least, the answers which are available in the text. According to my point of view, guides are the best method of revision.
- Do not learn answers from guides. But do refer some guides because not all answers are available in the text. For example, some give reasons, define magnetic field, etc. For that refer, at least 2 different guides and also take suggestion from teacher. Then, cross-check all the answers and make the best answer in your own words; but don’t forget to include scientific terms.
- Learn definitions (those given in the exercises and in between the text in bold) purely from textbook. The entire definitions should be the same (word-to-word) as given in the textbook. I suggest that you make a list of all definitions from the book together so that you can go through it during study and for last-minute revision.
- Diagrams also should be purely textual. A diagram which is correct scientifically but not as in the textbook may not be credited full marks (unless your marks are near passing marks). This doesn’t matter much in the Science I because the diagrams are technical where slight change in position of ammeter and rule of ray diagram is accepted. But yes, Science II diagrams differ everywhere, so draw the textual ones only. The good way to learn diagrams is sticking their copies (better hand-drawn) on the walls of study/bed room. Science I Landscape Science I Portrait Science II Lansdscape Science II Portrait (These are few ready made charts for you, please include the other diagrams by yourself)
- Draw diagrams wherever required/possible; at least in 3 marks and 5 marks questions. The moderator/chief moderator may deduct a mark to bring you down if he expects it.
- Laws, like definitions, should be learned from the textbook only.
- Learn all formulae by heart thoroughly.
- The information from the boxes about the scientists is not usually asked. But, to be on a safer side, just keep in mind the scientists’ full names, discoveries, nationality. In a better way, make a table of these scientists.
- Don’t ignore the activities, tables, boxes of extra information (Do you know?). They form a substantial part in the paper as application, factual and HOTS (high order thinking skills) questions.
- Do not leave anything for option to study (it is OK if you not attempt extras in exam) because you may think extra questions may cover that part. But, imagine if the other question is also tough, then?
- Expertise the questions in the exercises given behind each chapter. They form at least 70% of the question paper, that is about 28 marks in each paper.
- I suggest my friends who are aspiring to be the rank-holders to study the entire textbook by-heart (don’t miss even a single word).
- When studying reactions, try writing the explanation in words first along with extra information, then write the equation. Know the names of all reactants/products even if not mentioned in text.
- One warning for my dear friends is that please don’t ignore the Std. 9th syllabus because many 10th concepts have a foundation hidden in it.
- The best way to study learning subjects like Science and Social Sciences is to divide the text into parts and frame questions for each of the parts; and then memorize question answer format.
- Well, ladies and gentlemen, there’s a lot more to speak about study tips. A more efficient way to do that is to bombard the chapters individually. Don’t worry I have done it for you in the document below. Download/Read it for amazing content. Don’t be lazy to do that because it is also packed with surprises of tips.
PAPER PRESENTATION TECHNIQUES –
The common presentation tips regarding all the subjects are available on GENERAL PRESENTATION TIPS post. Following are featured especially for Science and Technology Paper . To understand these in a better way, refer Science – I (72) March 2017 Solution and Science – II (72) March 2017 Solution.
- Make boxes around one-word answers in objective questions. For e.g. boxes in place of blanks in fill in the blanks, true or false, name the following, odd one out, etc.
- Question I (B) i.e. Practical-based Multiple Choice Questions should be written on a new page. Write the full statement and box the blank. If the question is in Interrogative format, then write the question and on a new line, write the answer with the correct option no.
- Don’t allow (make) any cancellations in objective questions.
- If time permits (actually there is no question of time over here because you have plenty time), write the whole question along with CORRECT QUESTION NO. AND/OR write a suitable title to the answer and box it. (It is better to write because the examiner won’t have to look in the question paper back and again, reducing his/her efforts setting a good impression on her).
- For match the following, differentiate between — and classify, make proper tables as shown in the solution links above.
- While solving numerical questions, you should mention the given, to find, Solution and Final answer. In given and to find , you should mention the name as well as the denotation. For e.g. focal length (f) = ?
- Diagrams need not be drawings as such. All that the examiners want a clear and accurate outline diagram (come on it’s only for 1 mark). But. yes, it is better to shade (only little) for a good impression. In a clear way, draw rough diagram and shade with HB (normal) pencil. Then outline with a 4B pencil. In case of labels, they should be on either of the sides (left, right or both) but preferably not on top or bottom. Again, labels with 4B and arrows with HB. The arrowhead (<)should be toward the part i.e. like this [part <== label]. The arrows should be parallel to page lines and not crisscrossing (because that makes the diagram look untidy). Diagrams should cover at least ¼th of the full-page i.e. not too small nor too big.Finally, the name of diagram should be top or bottom in bold. Last but not the least, draw a thick border around catching the pencil at an inclination (practice this and if that looks untidy the way you do then just draw a normal border).
- When diagram is already given with parts labelled 1,2,3,.. or A,B,C,D,.. etc., it is only expected (at examiner level) that the answers should be in statements like Part 1/A is ______, etc. But, it is advised to redraw the diagram, label the parts in it as well as statements. (I have not done it in Science II solution link because the question said label in diagram).
- In question 2, 3, 4, even if the sub-question is divided into 1 mark questions and the answer can be given in one-word each, then too write the answers in full sentences. Then, box the main answer as told earlier.
- Preferably, keep your aim to make the paper more spacious, clean and ultimately more presentable. One way to do that is leaving a line between points. Another is to start a new sub-question on new page. Otherwise, you can leave two lines between sub-questions. It won’t cost you much as there as no limitations to supplements; but just a couple of seconds for filling up the identity details and sticking holocraft on supplements. But, take care that you don’t make it over-spacious to increase no. of supplements (that would irritate the examiner instead of impressing her).
- In chemical reactions (equations), explain the reaction in words before the writing the equation even if not mentioned to do so (don’t explain if in the previous sub-sub-question you have done it). In that mention some details like colour, temperature if you know and use good words like fused, evolution, liberation, etc. Then write the equation, write the names of reactants/products below each respective one and then box the equation with name. Boxing equations is compulsory.
- Possibly, include some extra information about the topic if you know it 100% accurately. It is appreciated. For that, you need more reading and intellectual-net-surfing. One or two points will be more than sufficient; please do not write more. One more warning, please write if you are 100% sure. Writing a point of correct info. will not fetch you an extra mark, but keep 40 marks as they are. But writing a wrong one, may result at your loss of a mark (at chief-moderator level). Also, don’t write an irrelevant point. Stick to the mark.
- Underline the key-words (scientific terms, numbers, names, years, etc.) by a single pencil line; better, using a ruler. Possibly, 1/2 in each small point and about 5 in a big point. Too much underlining will make the paper look as if full matter is underlined.
- Do most of presentation work like underlining keywords, boxing (except fill in the blanks because that carries marks), diagram borders, etc. at the end 15 minutes after checking. (refer below for time management).
- Be precise, accurate, confident, scientific and impressive in what you are writing. Again, you should expose your deep knowledge and interest in the topic so that you make a mark on the examiner.
SUGGESTED BOOKS –
- Target Publications – STD. X Science and Technology
- Chetana Publications – STD. X Science and Technology Master Key
- Navneet – Vikas – STD. X Science and Technology Practical Journal (For Q.I B)
EXAM TIME-MANAGEMENT –
Remember to make the time management suitable according to your needs. Also, be prepared to adjust the time management during examinations depending on the questions asked. Slight changes can de done, but remember to give the same time for presentation and checking. Suggesting to do checking before presentation.
Well, I think that’s all for Science and Technology. Any doubts regarding the subject about paper presentation/board rules (not about studying, your teacher will explain it better), please comment. Merci. avoir une belle journée à venir.
# Only for Educational Purposes.